First December Blog

A very old painting of mine of Elsa, the lioness.

A very old painting of mine of Elsa, the lioness.

First December Blog – 1-12-14

Continuing, and concluding, my colour chart.

Starting with white. Popular colours have probably changed since I last bought any oil colours. But in my day, there were two main whites, Flake White and Titanium White.
Flake white gave a white that was non-shiny, a matt finish kind of white. In contrast, Titanium White gave a slightly luminous colour, well not exactly luminous but like a shiny metallic white. I am certain there are many more now. And probably new named varieties are bandied around.
Just checked and there seem to be only Titanium and Flake. So things do not seem to have changed much after all!

Checked with Google who put it more elloquently.

“Many objects are perceived to be black around us, such as shadows, the night sky and pupils in eyes. This may tempt the artist to reach for premixed black pigment to express these things. But like other pigments, black is not simply black but has a color bias. With this in mind, what is the best way to use black in art?

What Color is Black?

The color black is not as straightforward as it seems. Black in isolation would appear to be just that: black. But place another black next to it, and both blacks will appear different. One might be a little bluer or redder than the other. So in this regard, is anything really black?
Colors in Black Pigment

Although blacks are not made by color blends, black inherently comprises of the primary colors magenta, yellow and cyan. This might be hard to believe until you spread a very dilute layer of black onto a white surface, and subtle colors will be perceived, which might be violet, green or blue. Black in fact can also tilt towards a particular color. A warm black might have a slight bias for red; a cool black will have a slight bias for blue.

Types of Black

An assortment of black pigments on offer can leave the artist wondering which to go for. I personally use black sparingly in my paintings as I think they can deaden color mixes, but for information purposes, the following blacks offer these characteristics.

Ivory black and lamp black are opaque and are produced from ground amorphous carbon from charred animal bones. Both blacks have a cool color temperature, slightly biased towards blue. Mars black is produced from synthetic iron oxide and again is opaque and cool in hue.

Perylene black is a little greenish in cast, a derivative of a hydrocarbon.”

This does give many more black pigments than my memory serves me, which was Lamp Black for one.

“Mixing Paint Colours, What Colours Make Brown
April 3, 2011 by Lisa

Blue, Red, Yellow are the Primary Colours

A good Artist needs to know how to mix colours, for instance, how to make brown paint by mixing paint colours together. Find out what colors make brown below. The very first lesson you will receive in art school will be mixing paint colours from the primary colours (Red, Yellow, Blue) to make the colour wheel. The colour wheel is broken down into first primary and then secondary colours and finally tertiary colours. The most important are the secondary colours and these can be difficult to mix when you are not able to use white or black paints. White and black do not belong on the colour wheel. Black is a color but a colour with the absence of light and white is what we see when all colours come together in a perfect balance. It is not possible to mix white with your paints but you can achieve black by mixing all the primary colors together with an equal part of red, blue and yellow. The student grade pigments are not high quality so there is a problem mixing purple without the help of titanium white to lighten up the pigments. Students are told to buy the beginner kits which usually come with ultramarine blue and cadmium red and cadmium yellow. Getting a few additional blue pigments may help to reduce beginner frustrations when learning how to mix colours. The secondary colours on the colour wheel are purple, green and orange.

Yellow and Blue make Green
The secondary colours on the colour wheel are purple, green and orange.
Yellow and Blue makes Green
Blue and Red makes Purple
Yellow and Red makes Orange

What colours make Brown?
Tertiary colours are colours that are mixed with one primary colour and one secondary colour. The question art students ask the most often is “what colours make brown?”.
How to make brown
Orange which is made from mixing yellow and red then adding a little blue will make brown which makes it a tertiary colour. You can also make brown from green a secondary colour which is made from mixing blue and yellow and then red a primary colour which also makes it a tertiary colour. An easy shortcut for students is to just add black to orange then you can add white or more black to your brown which will make a big change in the shade of brown you have mixed.
Mixing Primary Colours with Secondary Colours to make Tertiary Colours:
Red and Purple makes Magenta
Blue and Green makes Aqua

I Highly Recommend a Color Wheel to Help Mix Colors.The CMY Primary Mixing Wheel shows how to form secondary and tertiary colors from primary pigments. It also illustrates tints, tones, and shades of the 12 primary, secondary and tertiary colors on the wheel. Useful for learning and understanding color theory, it illustrates color relationships and harmonies
Yellow and Orange makes Mustard Yellow
Blue and Orange makes Brown
Red and Green makes Brown
Yellow and Green makes Lime Green
Blue and Purple makes Midnight Blue
Yellow and Purple makes Army Green
Red and Orange makes Mandarin Orange
Categories: Online Painting Tutorials | Tags: beginner kits, colour wheel, how to make brown paint, paint colours, paints, primary colors, what colours make brown | Permalink. “.

I am adding from others’ knowledge as well as my own. I want to mention the primary colour yellow. There are many yellows but I think there are certain yellows that again, do certain jobs in the painting world. Lemon yellow, an acid lemon, Flake yellow, a more mellow opaque yellow. To the less bright yellows like yellow ochre, and many others. This last one can be made by use of an opaque yellow, a touch of black and white.
The same with many other colours. You can buy a tube of many different shades of yellow, negating the need for mixing many variants of yellow, white and black, in varying degrees. But buying tubes does not teach you how to mix colours if you are short of cash, space to keep all these variants. One or two different types give you enough to mix a wide variety of shades, and you are more accomplished and knowledgeable about your chosen craft.

Did you think I had forgotten this primary colour, well, I didn’t. Happy painting, should you choose to indulge. (Christmas gifts can give you a starter kit, oh, and if you use oils, remember to ask about the various oils needed to thin out the paint slightly, stuff to clean brushes and, expensively, GOOD brushes and a pallette knife. Not forgetting canvas or canvas boards to paint on.)

Take care, be good.



5 thoughts on “First December Blog

  1. My first proper attempt at painting was because I was given a small gift set of oils. From there things blossomed and if I lack the skill I personally would like in order to paint the things my imagination sees, at least I have managed to paint. I even managed commissions and murals at some very high profile buildings… you never know till you have a go!

    I never have more than a dozen colours and seldom use more than half a dozen in a painting… mixing them allows so much more precision, doesn’t it?

    My favourite yellow is Indian Yellow, which taught me not to lick the paintbrush …produced from the urine of cows fed on a special diet of mango leaves 🙂

  2. Thank you for your suppport. I have barely skimmed the surface of colour here. I am so glad that you enjoyed painting, perhaps still do. I no longer have time and energy really, but it is all here, in my head. Must try to fund ome other works to photograph. Of ourse, when using chalk pastels, that is a different way if using colour and a new method has to be learned, such as in having a lot of colours, but knowing how to blend them. Then we move to water-colour. Different again, as you yourself must know. But I do congratulate you on getting commssions etc. well done. You must be good.

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